Born: August 26, 1906
Died: March 3, 1993
Albert Sabin developed the widely-used, oral, attenuated ("live") poliovirus vaccine (OPV). A form of the oral attenuated vaccine is used today in the worldwide effort to eradicate acute poliomyelitis. However, some countries including the United States, recommend the IPV (inactivated polio vaccine).
Note: Poliomyelitis is next disease that is targeted for eradication after smallpox.